Stage 0: Plaque on teeth with very little or no gingivitis. This stage is reversible with home care such as toothbrushing, dental diets and approved dental chews. If home care is successful the pet may not need a professional cleaning.
Stage 1: Gums are red with plaque covering the teeth. This stage is reversible with professional cleaning and home care
Stage 2: All the gums are pink and swollen. Bad breath is present and there is pain. At this stage professional cleaning and home care can prevent this from becoming irreversible.
Stage 3: Gums are now bright red and bleeding. Infection and tartar are damaging the gums and starting to destroy the attachment of the teeth to the bone. The pet’s breath is consistently bad and its mouth is sore.These changes are irreversible and professional cleaning and dental treatments are necessary such as removal of teeth and root cleanings to keep as many teeth as possible for the pet.